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Thursday, 8 July 2010

Dept of Ayush promotes 5 officials to speed up approvals of ISM drugs

Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (Ayush) has promoted five officials to senior positions in a bid to speed up the approvals for Indian System of Medicine drugs.

A communiqué from the Department of Ayush, via order No. Z18017/27-DCC-Ayush stated that with the approval of the competent authority under Section 33 G of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940, 23 of 1940 read with rules 160(E) and 167 of the Drugs & Cosmetics Rules 1945 five officials have been promoted. The new postings are one additional drugs controller and four drug inspectors for Ayurveda and Unani drugs.
The promoted candidates are Dr Janardhan Pandey, currently designated as the joint advisor (Ayurveda) and promoted as additional drugs controller (ASU) drugs. In his new role, he will have to look after the regulation of ASU drugs and Enforcement of Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945 throughout India in connection with the manufacturing and sale of ASU drugs in the country.
The four drugs inspector posts are: Dr M A Qasmi who is currently the assistant advisor (Unani), Department of Ayush, Dr G C Gaur, technical officer (Ayurveda), Dr Gaurav Sharma, research officer (Ayurveda) and Dr Suresh Kumar, research officer, (Ayurveda). They will inspect the premises of ASU manufacturing units/CGHS and other stores in the country. Further, the drug inspectors are also required to collect the samples and send for testing and initiate the necessary action under the Act.
According to JSD Pani, president, Karnataka Indian Medicine Manufacturers Association (KIMMA) the move will now will see the Centre having control over the state departments of Ayush on similar lines of the allopathy drug sector. In fact, the new postings of officials would help the state government to become more efficient. It also augments the quality consciousness of the industry.
While on the one hand, the department of Ayush has enhanced opportunities for career development and advancement, on the other it would help to implement and evaluate situations in seeking faster drug approvals, he added.
"We are accountable as an industry and as members of the ADMA and KIMMA to ensure ethical practices. We are transparent and accountable for upholding established office procedures," stated industry officials.
In India, there are 9,385 Ayush units and over 90 per cent are in the small scale segment. Karnataka has 175 units in the Ayush sector. According to an estimate, the turnover of the sector is estimated at Rs 8000 crore of which 10 per cent is contributed by the units from Karnataka.

World's Smallest Mum Wishes to Have Lots of Babies After Giving Birth to Third

World's smallest mother from Kentucky, USA, wishes to have lots of babies after she gave birth to her third child. "I'll have more children," 36-year-old Stacey Herald said. At just 2 feet 4 inches, Stacy has been warned against getting pregnant, because a baby would grow too big and crush her lungs and heart. Stacey has successfully proved doctors wrong three times, and now she and her husband Wil are thinking about having more children. Stacey suffers from a rare genetic condition called Osteogenisis Imperfecta, which hinders her growth and causes underdeveloped lungs and brittle bones, reports The Telegraph. "Three children is a handful at the moment, but I can see us having more babies in the future," Stacey said. "We listen to doctors and respect them, but they don't always get it right, so we end up doing what we feel is best," she added. The latest member to the family is seven-months-old Malachi, who inherited his mum's condition. Source-ANI

Female Lawyer Undergoes Sex Change Op to Avoid Forced Marriage

A 30-year-old female lawyer has undergone a sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in order to apparently avoid forced marriage. The unnamed female said that she did not want to be subjected to the fate of other girls in the society, who are often forced to marry against their wishes. "This society is mostly male dominated, where girls have no voice of their own ... I feel free now. No one can force me to marry. It is better to become a man to get rid of suferrings met by women,” the Puri-resident said. The women forced doctors at a private hospital to conduct the operation after threatening to commit suicide. She even produced an affidavit to the effect. Doctors performed the operation on June 29 to remove female organs and fix male ones. It is being reported that the female lawyer was close to another girl and got operated so she could stay with that girl. Source-Medindia

Robots Can Remove Thyroid Without Neck Incision

Robots can be employed to remove a diseased thyroid, or at least a portion of it, without the hallmark neck incision, researchers said. The thyroid, which sits just under the Adam’s apple and controls the body’s metabolic rate, is about the size of a kiwi. Benign and cancerous disease can more than double its size. Dr. David Terris, Porubsky professor and chairman of the Medical College of Georgia Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, has helped shepherd in minimally-invasive approaches that reduced neck incisions from several inches to less than an inch within the last few years. The daVinci Surgical System, in which surgeons sitting at a console maneuver through tight spaces and around corners, enables access to the thyroid through the armpit, Terris said. “In my opinion, if you are committed to not having a neck scar, this is the best way to do it,” Terris said of patients who are trim, have benign disease and need only half of their two-lobed thyroid gland removed. He and his colleagues — Dr. F. Christopher Holsinger, associate professor at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Dr. Ronald B. Kuppersmith, clinical faculty member at Texas A & M Health Science Center — provide an overview of the robotic technique they are helping develop in the United States in the current print edition of Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. Although the armpit is farther from the gland than the neck is, simply raising the patient’s arm during surgery shortens the path, leaving a fairly straightforward approach made navigable by the three- dimensional visualization and wrist-like maneuverability of the robot.

Monday, 5 July 2010

Why Couples 'divorce' After 40 Years of Togetherness?

Researchers wondered how can a couple part ways after 40 years of living together even as the shocking news of Former US Vice President Al Gore's divorce with wife Tipper hit headlines.

Even Robert Levenson, a psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, delved deeper into couples' psyche to know the answer.
"It's striking when a couple has been together 40 years and then they call it quits. It's not what we would expect," Live Science quoted Levenson as saying.
Marriages get in trouble when the couple's situation or relationship changes and the partners cannot adapt, Levenson said.
A 2000 study published in the Journal of Marriage and the Family by Levenson and psychologist John Gottman, now at the Gottman Relationship Institute, found that divorces during this period are tended to be marked by anger and vicious fights and also by coldness and emotional withdrawal.
The researchers cited "growing apart" as a common reason for midlife divorces.
Relationship ruts and boredom are common. Spouses forget to show appreciation for each other, leading to frustration and loneliness.
Terri Orbuch, a University of Michigan psychologist and author of "5 Simple Steps to Take Your Marriage from Good to Great" research has shown that marriages with husbands who don't feel appreciated are twice as likely to end.
"Things can start out small and seemingly insignificant," Orbuch said.
"What happens is they accumulate over time and they become bigger and bigger," he added.


Anti-aging Supplement Brings Promise for Women Who Wish to be Mothers

An over-the-counter anti-aging supplement may benefit women who want to become mothers, according to a Tel Aviv University study.

Prof. Adrian Shulman of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine and the Meir Medical Center has found a statistical connection between the over-the-counter vitamin supplement DHEA, used to counter the effects of aging, and successful pregnancy rates in women undergoing treatment for infertility.
In the first controlled study on the effects of the supplement, Shulman found that women being treated for infertility who also received supplements of DHEA were three times more likely to conceive than women being treated without the additional drug.
After hearing anecdotal evidence from his patients and the medical community on the benefits of combining fertility treatments with DHEA, a supplement marketed as an anti-aging drug around the world, Shulman decided to put this old wives' tale to the statistical test.
He and his fellow researchers conducted a study in which a control group of women received treatment for poor ovulation, and another group received the same treatment with the addition of the DHEA supplement.
The latter group took 75mg of the supplement daily for 40 days before starting fertility treatments, and continued for up to five months.
Not only were women who combined infertility treatment with DHEA more likely to conceive, the researchers discovered, they were also more likely to experience a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Anaesthetic Agent is a Significant Contributor to Global Warming: Study

Inhaled anaesthetics which are commonly employed for surgery-particularly the anaesthetic desflurane - are found to be a significant contributor to global warming, according to a new study.
Dr. Susan M. Ryan of University of California and computer scientist Claus J. Nielsen of University of Oslo said that sevoflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane are recognized greenhouse gases.
Using desflurane for one hour is equivalent to 235 to 470 miles of driving.
The anaesthetics "usually are vented out of the building as medical waste gases and remain in the atmosphere for a long time," the researchers write.
Ryan and Nielsen suggest some "simple, knowledge-based decisions" that anaesthesiologists can follow to minimize their environmental impact unless there are medical reasons to use it and avoiding unnecessarily high anaesthetic flow rates, especially with desflurane.
The study is published in the July issue of Anaesthesia and Analgesia.

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